tafsir sourate al fatiha

[Al-Qur'an 2:247], "Moses said to his people: O my people! Indeed in his obedience lies the Displeasure of Ar-Rahman and disobeying him necessitates residing in Paradise and the descent of Pleasure. 938). Trans. The student of the Book should therefore begin by making a humble petition to Him for true guidance. And if an evil suggestion comes to you from Shaytan then seek refuge with Allah. He replied, 'The Messenger (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) left us upon the nearest end of the line and its other end is in Paradise. Ar-Rahman is more intense than Ar-Rahim because Ar-Rahman is the one endowed with Mercy that extends to all of the creations in this world and to the believers in the Hereafter. Refer to Al-Albani, As-Sahihah (no. [Al-Qur'an 12:42]. This is the opinion of Dawud and Ahmad in the second of the two reports from him. It can also be seen from His words, "Guide us to the Straight Path", for guidance consists of clarification followed by the tawfeeq of enacting it. The meaning of hamd is praise and extolling. Ar Rahmaan dan Ar Rahiim merupakan nama Allah yang menetapkan adanya sifat rahmah (sayang) bagi Allah Ta’ala sesuai dengan kebesaran-Nya. "Guidance to the Straight Path includes all of the following matters: cognizance of what the Messenger (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) came with in detail, cognizance of what comes under his general orders and concern for acting according to ones knowledge, for indeed just having knowledge is not a cause for attaining guidance if one does not act according to his knowledge. Its meaning is more general and inclusive than that of shukr, or giving thanks, because it encompasses this as well as giving the meaning of praise. Also we learn that that He Alone is the Creator and that all the affairs are under His disposition, just as are all blessings. It is also said that it was revealed on two separate occasions – once in Makkah and once in Madinah. Let not our hearts deviate after You have guided us and grant us mercy from Yourself. It is also postulated that it was revealed in Madinah as stated by Abu Hurayrah, Mujahid, 'Ata ibn Yasar and Az-Zuhri. The Heavenly Revelation endorses this understanding for when it prohibits and commands it does not direct this prohibition to any specific individual but to the congregation as a whole. Termasuk kedalam golongan surat Makkiyyah, Ayat 1,2,3,4,5,6, dan 7: Surat ini mencakup semua makna/kandungan dalam Al Qur’an dan mengandung maksud-maksud Al Qur’an yang asasi (dasar) secara garis besar. And the evidence that He is Rahim to the believers in this world as well [as the Hereafter] is that this is the literal meaning of the Exalted's saying: "He is the One who sends His Blessings (salah) upon you, and His Angels so as to lead you out of the darkness to the light, and He is Ever Most Merciful (Rahim) to the believers." Trans. Surat yang pertama diturunkan secara lengkap di antara surat-surat yang ada dalam al-Qur'ân ini merupakan intisari dari seluruh kandungan al-Qur'ân yang kemudian diperinci oleh surat-surat sesudahnya. It is he Who feeds me and gives me to drink. The proof of what Fudayl said lies in the verse: "So whosoever hopes for the meeting with His Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of His Lord." And the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) explained this to the extent that it became like a great white plain whose night is like its day. ", "All praises and thanks are due to Allah the Lord of the Universe", 'Wa alaykum as-salam. ', "This is the most correct opinion of the Shafi'i school and declared to be the strongest opinion by Ibn Hazm.". ", " … When the slave-girl gives birth to her master (rabbataha).". Muqbil ibn Hadi said that the isnad of Ahmad contains the narrators of the Sahih{/qluetip}. Tafsir Lengkap Surat Al FatihahSurat Al Fatihah (Pembuka)[1]Merupakan surat yang ke-1 dan terdiri dari 7 ayat. Al-Baqilani quoted this as one of three opinions. If it is correct but not sincere then it is not accepted. This is similar to the case of one trying to describe the pleasure of sexual intercourse to one who is impotent and feels no sexual urges. School Madrasa El-Omaryya, Old City, Muslim Quarter, Jerusalem by Shlomit Or [CC BY-SA 2.0]. Ditambahkan rasa cinta, karena landasan yang harus ada pada seseorang ketika beribadah itu ada tiga: rasa cinta kepada Allah Ta’ala, rasa takut dan tunduk kepada Allah Ta’ala dan rasa berharap. Sourate al-Fâtiha ou al-Hamd (en arabe : سورة الفاتحة أو الحمد) est la Sourate I. dans l'ordre des sourates coraniques. ", "She said: O eminent ones, indeed to me has been delivered a noble letter. This confused the two [recording] Angels and they did not know how to record it. ", "Purity is half of faith. It is said that the word Shaytan is derived from shatana which means to be distanced, and indeed Shaytan is far removed from any good whatsoever. Ibn 'Uthaymin states: "This is the Name of His from which all other Names follow on from as occurs in His saying, 'Alif Lam Ra. "{qluetip title=[77]}Sahih Muslim (Eng. It also carries the meaning of rida, or pleasure and is the opposite of dhamm, or blame. [Al-Qur'an 3:8]. ", "If any one of you prays, he should commence by glorifying his Lord and praising Him; he should invoke peace and blessings on the Prophet and thereafter he should supplicate Allah for anything he wishes. Now, know that the reality of seeking refuge that is established in the heart of the believer surpasses and is beyond these descriptions, for these serve only as examples and representations. Noté /5. Again the object of the verb has been brought before the verb to stress this fact. Al-Bukhari said in the beginning of the Book of Tafsir in his Sahih: Ibn Jarir at-Tabari said that it was named so because the meaning of the entire Qur'an is summarised therein. 23-24){/qluetip}. In the verse the word hamd has been preceded by the definite article al, the reason for this is to include all the different manners of praise and specify them to Him, and it is an extolling with which Allah has praised Himself and ordered His servants to praise Him with. However when the Anger or punishment of Allah is mentioned it is mentioned in the third person such that Allah is not directly referred to, "Not the path of those who have earned [Your] Anger, nor of those who have gone astray". ", "Indeed those who took the calf (for worship), anger from their Lord and humiliation will come upon them. He precedes mentioning his need by seeking forgiveness from Allah and then he earnestly and sincerely makes his request as one who is needy and impoverished, supplicating to Him out of hope and fear. "From 'Ali (may Allah be pleased with him), that he used to read it the verse, 'And amongst you is one that turns aside'. 2. What an excellent company these are!" It refutes the Jabariyyah (those who say that man is coerced). Thsame applies to the one taking refuge for he flees from his enemy who desires his destruction to his Lord, throwing himself between His Hands, holding firmly to Him, sticking close to Him and resorting to Him. Allah says: "When My servants asks you concerning Me then I am close. If it is correct but not sincere then it is not accepted. Le jour où il fut maudit, quand il fut jeté sur terre, quand Muhammad fut envoyé pour la période de Messager, et lorsque la « Mère du Livre » (Um Al Kitab) fut r… Every heart that does not reach Him is wretched, veiled from achieving its success and happiness. Therefore by saying alhamdulillah, the servant is praising and thanking Allah Alone due to His greatness, unity, perfection, His Beautiful Names and Attributes and His innumerable favours and blessings that none can encompass save He. ', "O Abu Dharr! ", "We have indeed sent a Messenger to every people saying: worship Allah and leave all that is worshipped besides Him. Kepada orang-orang mukmin itu diberikan-Nya rahmat yang mutlak, selain mereka hanya memperperoleh sebagian daripadanya. When one asks for guidance to the Straight Path then he is asking for that which will cure the disease of misguidance. I then asked about, 'Those who have gone astray' and he said, 'The Christians are those who have gone astray.' This is the most virtuous way of asking Allah by first praising Him and then asking of Him. [Al-Qur'an 6:153]. An-Nasai, Ibnu Khuzaimah, Ibnu Hibban, dan Al-Hakim meriwayatkan dari Abu Hurairah bahwa ia shalat dengan membaca “bismillah” secara jahr. In Islam, the word ibadah, or worship is a comprehensive term referring to everything, inward and outward that Allah Loves and is Pleased with. Thanks with the tongue is done by praising the Bestower of Blessings. {qluetip title=[82]}This whole section is taken from Ibn Al-Qayyim, Madarij as-Salikin (1/69-84) summarised{/qluetip}. In this verse following the verse concerning the Mercy of Allah lies a reminder that Allah is also the Judge. {qluetip title=[30]}As-Subki, Tabaqat ash-Shafi'iyyah (1/6) and others. This He has ordained for you that you may become pious.'. ", "I have left you upon the great white plain, its night is like its day, none deviates from it except he who is destroyed. Our Lord! {qluetip title=[65]}Referring to the hadith, "I have left you upon the great white plain, its night is like its day, none deviates from it except he who is destroyed." It teaches us about the Day of Judgement and about the recompense of our deeds. Ubayy said, 'O Messenger of Allah I was praying!' Hal ini dapat diketahui dari ayat “Iyyaaka na’budu wa iyyaaka nasta’iin”. This can be seen from His words, "Lord of the Universe", for it does not befit One with such a description that He leave His creation wondering aimlessly, without guidance. Trans. Indeed this is what Allah taught him to say with His words: 'Say: I take refuge with the Lord of Daybreak. In common usage it refers to the time between the onset of dawn and sunset. As for the general then it is His creating the Creation and granting them provisions, and guiding them to that which would benefit them in order to have them survive in this world. Demikian juga menetapkan kenabian dan kerasulan Muhammad shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam yang diambil dari ayat “Ihdinash shiraathal mustaqiim”, karena jalan yang lurus tersebut adalah jalan yang diterangkan oleh Nabi Muhammad shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam. ', "Abu Zuhayr said, 'Shall I not inform you about this? Alamat email Anda tidak akan dipublikasikan. Yaitu Al Hamdulillahi rabbil ‘aalamin.” (HR. {qluetip title=[46]}As-Sa'di, Taysir al-Kareem ar-Rahman (pg. " {qluetip title=[40]}Sunan Ibn Majah (no. This because the elders become known and are thereby respected, the poor and needy become known and are thereby helped, the scholars become known and are thereby asked, and the ignorant become known and are thereby taught. Ask forgiveness for your sin, indeed your were of the sinful (, "And that which she used to worship besides Allah has prevented her [from Islam], for she was of a disbelieving people (, "Indeed the male Muslims and the female Muslims, the male believers and the female believers … Allah has prepared for them a forgiveness and a great reward. They based this upon the saying of Allah: And the saying of the Prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) to the man who prayed badly: On top of this, according to Ash-Shafi'i and a group of the People of Knowledge it is obligatory to recite Al-Fatihah in every rak'ah of the prayer. When he says, 'astaghfirullah' he is saying, 'I seek the forgiveness of Allah.'. It can also be seen in the affirmation of His Tawhid for this necessitates that none of His creation share in any of His specific qualities of Lordship. What an excellent company these are!". ", "From amongst the lofty qualities of the Islamic, 'O you who believe! The purpose of the Quran Tafseer is to provide elucidation, explanation, interpretation, context or commentary for clear understanding and conviction of … "{qluetip title=[60]}Salih as-Sadlan, Salat ul-Jama'ah Hukaha wa Ahkamuha (pp. "Allah, the Glorious and Exalted, said, 'I have divided the prayer between Myself and my servant equally and My servant shall be granted what he asked for.' Abu Bakr and 'Umar. [Al-Qur'an 5:20]. Yet others from amongst them say that it means, 'Increase me in guidance.'. {qluetip title=[28]}Abu Dawud (Eng. ", "Indeed, We guided him, whether he be grateful or ungrateful. [Al-Qur'an 34:1]. "{qluetip title=[38]}Sharh As-Sindi 'ala Ibn Majah (no. ", "The person towards whom Allah displays the most Wrath, and the most despicable on the Day of Resurrection is one who was named King of Kings (malik ul-amlak) for there is no Malik except for Allah. Ar Rahmaan (Maha Pemurah): salah satu nama Allah yang memberi pengertian bahwa Allah memiliki rahmat (kasih-sayang) yang luas mengena kepada semua makhluk-Nya, sedangkan Ar Rahiim artinya Allah Maha Penyayang kepada orang-orang mukmin. Merekalah ahlul hidayah wal istiqamah (orang-orang yang memperoleh hidayah dan dapat beristiqamah), ciri jalan mereka adalah setelah mengetahui yang hak (benar), mereka mengamalkannya (belajar dan beramal). [Al-Qur'an 18:82], 'Allah has endeared faith for you and made it pleasing in your hearts and has made hateful to you disbelief, disobedience and sins.' Its position at the beginning signifies that anyone who wants to benefit from the Book should first offer this prayer to the Lord of the Universe. Trans. [4] Rabb (tuhan) berarti Tuhan yang ditaati yang Memiliki, Mendidik, Mengurus dan Memelihara. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Tafsir Sourate Al-Fatiha: L'exégèse de la sourate "L'Ouverture" (French Edition). And for example His sayings, "And when Abraham said to his father and his people: Indeed I am free of what you worship except He who created me." Not only this but we find that which he does have knowledge of, he does not put the greater part of it to practice! At-Tirmidhi reports from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said: 3. Know that when the servant clings to the rope of the created king he is saved from the evil of the oppressors. ", "O Children of Adam! Then he drew a line in the ground with his hand and also drew lines to either side of it and said, 'Your Prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) left you upon this end and its other end is in Paradise. This because the elders become known and are thereby respected, the poor and needy become known and are thereby helped, the scholars become known and are thereby asked, and the ignorant become known and are thereby taught. This Surah refutes this heresy from beginning to end in words that are too clear to require further explanation. He would recite], 'With the Name of Allah, Most Beneficent, Most Merciful'[then] 'All praise and thanks are due to Allah the Lord of the Universe,'[then], 'The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful'[then], 'Master of the Day of Judgement.' Ayat ini juga menunjukkan bahwa Allah Ta’ala berhak mendapatkan pujian sempurna dari segala sisi, oleh karena itu Nabi shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam ketika mendapatkan hal yang menyenangkan mengucapkan “Al Hamdulillahilladziy bini’matihi tatimmush shaalihaat” (segala puji bagi Allah yang dengan nikmat-Nya amal shalih menjadi sempurna), dan ketika Beliau memperoleh selain itu, Beliau tetap mengucapkan “Al Hamdulillah ‘alaa kulli haal” (segala puji bagi Allah dalam semua keadaan) sebagaimana diriwayatkan oleh Ibnu Majah (3803). Because His salah upon them, the salah of His Angels and His leading them out of the darkness to the light is Mercy to them in this world, even though it be the reason for Mercy in the Hereafter as well. Therefore when this house did 'adha with this tree by being built under its shade the Arabs named it 'uwwadh. It is for this reason that some of the Salaf said: "The secret of the Qur'an lies in Al-Fatihah and its secret is the verse,'You Alone do we worship and You Alone we ask for help.' Trans. 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Umar ibn Al-Khattab, who had just returned from an expedition asked him, 'What is the Straight Path O Abu 'Abdur-Rahman?' It is the plural of alam which is itself a plural - it has no singular. semua ini merupakan bab-bab syari’at yang diterangkan dalam surat Al Baqarah. [Al-Qur'an 12:29], "And that which she used to worship besides Allah has prevented her [from Islam], for she was of a disbelieving people (Qawmin Kafirin)." [2] Maksudnya adalah “Saya memulai membaca surat Al-Fatihah ini dengan menyebut nama Allah sambil memohon pertolongan kepada-Nya agar dapat membaca firman-Nya, memahami maknanya dan dapat mengambilnya sebagai petunjuk.” Setiap pekerjaan yang baik, hendaknya dimulai dengan menyebut asma Allah, seperti makan, minum, menyembelih hewan, menaiki kendaraan, membaca Al Qur’an di awal surat, masuk dan keluar masjid, mengunci pintu, masuk dan keluar rumah, menulis surat, hendak berwudhu’ dan sebagainya. [Al-Qur'an 21:28]. As for the second opinion then the Arabs used to say regarding flesh that was stuck to a bone and could not be removed. ", "If the believers knew of the punishment of Allah then none would hope to attain His Paradise. It belongs to Allah, the One, the Irresistible!" [Al-Qur'an 27:43]. It is due to this that the Straight Path has been explained by some to be the way of Abu Bakr and 'Umar as has preceded. In the words, "Your Aid Alone we seek" also lies a clear refutation of this heresy, for by saying these words we are seeking aid for performing that which must be under His control and authority. And by the hadith reported in Sahih Muslim from A'ishah that the Prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said: "Whosoever does an action that we have not commanded then it must be rejected." 10921. "In a similar vein, love of Him and fear of Him can only be described in a deficient way for they cannot truly be understood except through experiencing them. {qluetip title=[45]}Sahih Muslim (Eng. ', 'Say: I take refuge with the Lord of Mankind. 707){/qluetip}. And had He willed, He would have guided you all.' 1. {qluetip title=[33]}Mustadrak (1/326 no. However, another group were of the opinion that it is sufficient to recite it in the majority of the raka'at and yet another group, from amongst them Al-Hasan and the majority of the scholars of Basrah, were of the opinion that it is sufficient just to recite it in one rak'ah. As regard to whether one should recite it loudly in prayer then the fiqh of this branches off from the difference mentioned above. [Al-Qur'an 2:254], 'And Allah does not guide a sinful, rebellious people.' Abu Dawud reports from Umm Salamah (may Allah be pleased with her) that she said: "The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) used to cut his recitation at each verse [pausing before going on to the next. ', "You Alone we worship and Your aid Alone we seek. [Al-Qur'an 24:31]. Every action that is not performed for His sake then it is wasted and severed. ', 'I take refuge with Allah from you.' ", "The forgiver of sin, acceptor of repentance, severe in punishment, owner of abundance. I have quoted from a number of books external to the above six, especially the works of Ibn al-Qayyim, in every such case I have fully referenced the quotes. There are a number of texts explaining to us the virtue of the basmallah: 1. Allah, the Exalted, has explained this meaning which is indicated here in detail elsewhere. For similar reasons it is also named Al-Qur'an al-Adhim, the Great Qur'an. "{qluetip title=[80]}This discussion is summarised from Ibn Al-Qayyim, Madarij as-Salikin (1/64-66){/qluetip}. [Al-Qur'an 72:10]. It was revealed in Makkah as stated by Ibn Abbas, Qatadah and Abu'l-Aliyah. [Al-Qur'an 114:1], "Employing the word 'a'udhu' rather than 'ast'idhu.' Oleh karena itu, kecintaan saja yang tidak disertai dengan rasa takut dan kepatuhan, seperti cinta terhadap makanan dan harta, tidaklah termasuk ibadah. Through the congregational prayer the Muslims attain mutual love, respect and brotherhood. Allah says, 'this is between Me and My servant and My servant shall have what he requested.' ", "And do not follow the vain desires of people (i.e. Yang dimaksud di ayat ini bukan sekedar memberi hidayah saja (yakni tidak hanya hidayah irsyad), tetapi juga meminta diberi taufik (dibantu menempuh jalan yang lurus). 1/221 no. I will surely misguide them all, except Your chosen slaves amongst them. It refutes the Majus and the Qadariyyah. These being: In compiling this article I have endeavored to adhere to the following methodology: I ask Allah that He count this effort amongst the scales of my good works and forgive me for any errors contained therein. [An-Nisa (4): 160], 'That was Our recompense for their transgression.' Upon hearing this the Prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said, 'Do not say may Shaytan perish for when you say this Shaytan becomes exultant and grows in stature and says, 'It was by my power that I injured him.' In a similar vein, love of Him and fear of Him can only be described in a deficient way for they cannot truly be understood except through experiencing them. And Allah has made clear that Maryam the daughter of Imran was a Siddiqah in His saying, "And His mother was a Siddiqah." 829). La sourate Al-Fatiha est le plus grand chapitre du Coran. ", "Whosoever introduces into this affair of ours that which is not part of it then it is rejected. "Now, know that the reality of seeking refuge that is established in the heart of the believer surpasses and is beyond these descriptions, for these serve only as examples and representations. Some scholars also gave the reasoning that Al-Hamd constitutes the heart of Al-Fatihah. ', 'Beautified for people is the love of that which they desire. Therefore all of mankind is in dire need of this supplication, this is why Allah made it obligatory upon them in every prayer and they are not in need of any other supplication as they are of this one. Tafsir Al Quran or Tafseer Quran means the comprehensive analysis of the Qur’an and interpreting the meaning of each verse in the Quran. "As regards its curing the bodily illnesses then this can be seen in the hadith of Abu Sa'id reported in Sahih Al-Bukhari that after he had recited it to cure a person who had been bitten by a scorpion, the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said to him: 'And what made you to know that it was a ruqya?' – Isti’anah musyarakah, meminta pertolongan dalam arti meminta keikut-sertaan orang lain untuk turut membantu, maka tidak mengapa kepada makhluk, namun dengan syarat dalam hal yang mereka mampu membantunya. Termasuk kedalam golongan surat Makkiyyah Ayat 1,2,3,4,5,6, dan 7: Surat ini mencakup semua makna/kandungan dalam Al Qur’an dan mengandung maksud-maksud Al Qur’an yang asasi (dasar) secara garis besar. He replied, 'Yes. Dengan demikian, di ayat ini kita juga meminta kepada Allah Ta’ala agar dapat istiqamah di atas jalan yang lurus itu sampai akhir hayat mengingat hati yang lemah mudah berbalik dan karena hidup di dunia penuh dengan liku-liku, penuh dengan gelombang cobaan dan fitnah yang begitu dahsyat yang dapat menghanyutkan seorang mukmin. If all this is done then this supplication will never be rejected especially if the servant employs the supplications that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) informed us would be accepted or if his supplication includes mention of Allah's Greatest Name. 2592). Ibn Majah reports from Ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said: "A servant from amongst the servants of Allah said. This meaning is further expressed in the hadith in which the Prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said: "O Allah! "Everything that is loved – if it is not loved for His sake then this love is nothing but distress and punishment. "When the Muslim stands before Allah, intimately conversing with Him and humbling himself before Him he does not speak as an individual rather he speaks as one part of the whole. Trans. If the disbelievers knew the full extent of the Mercy of Allah then none would despair of entering His Mercy. {qluetip title=[29]}Sahih Al-Bukhari (Eng. Ash-Shatibi explains this further by saying: "'And verily, this is my Straight Path, so follow it, and follow not [other] paths, for they will separate you away from His Path. ", "The Angels and the Spirit ascend to Him during a day the extent of which is fifty thousand years. So whoever remains steadily upon it will enter Paradise and whoever takes any of these lines will be destroyed.' II. However, it is established in Sahih At-Tirmidhi from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: At-Tirmidhi declared the hadith to be sahih. 136){/qluetip}. Trans. "Indeed this is what Allah taught him to say with His words: 'Say: I take refuge with the Lord of Daybreak.' Oleh karena itulah dinamakan Ummul Kitab yang artinya induk Al Qur’an… I take refuge with Allah from misguidance and treachery! Yaumiddin disebut juga yaumul qiyaamah, yaumul hisaab, yaumul jazaa’ dan sebagainya. {qluetip title=[78]}Sahih Muslim (Eng. ", "Say: shall I inform you of something worse than that, regarding the recompense from Allah: those (Jews) who incurred the Curse of Allah and His Anger. Remember the favour of Allah upon you when He appointed amongst you prophets and made you kings. So the man who asked turned away and went to the supplicant and said, 'O so-and-so! 2/731 no. However in Surah Rum there is mention that from amongst the 'where's' are the heavens and the earth - in His saying: "And His is all the praises and thanks in the heavens and the earth." 3. Firman Allah, “Ar Rahmaanir rahiim” diterangkan oleh surat Al Baqarah: 37 dan 126. The opinion of those who say that it means: 'increase us in guidance' includes what has preceded. On either side of the road there is a wall in which there are open doors with curtains hanging on them. ", "The path of those whom You have favoured", "Not the path of those who have earned [Your] Anger, nor of those who have gone astray", "Have you not considered those who make allies of a people with whom Allah has become Angry. If all of them were to have attained guidance to the Straight Path in totality then they would never have differed. As alluded to earlier, Al-Fatihah is named the Mother of the Qur'an because it succinctly summarises the whole of the Qur'an. Les savants disent que cette sourate réunit en condensé toutes les notions du Qur’ân sur le Tawhîd, les jugements, la récompense, les voies du fils d’Adam etc. Ar-Razi stated that the proof for this opinion was that the verse, "seek protection with Allah" is mentioned in the imperative, that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) persisted in uttering it throughout his life and that it serves as a protective barrier from Shaytan – therefore if an obligation can only be fulfilled by a particular means then that means also becomes an obligation.

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